Simple Time:

Music takes place in time. We don't just play the notes whenever we feel like it.

The music tells us when to move from one note to the next.


Although pitch is a fixed system of values, Rhythm is relatively flexible

and has a certain degree of interpretation attached to it. Rhythm values

can be put into two categories: simple and compound. Compound values

have a dot after them, simple values do not.



Compound Time


  Bar Lines    


Simple Time:





Below is a diagram explaining the six basic simple values in common usage.






Compound Time:






As I have said already, compound values have a dot placed after them.

Placing a dot after a time value adds half again to the value of that note.






Therefore a dotted minim is equal in time to three crotchet notes and a

dotted crotchet is equal in time to three quaver notes.



Bar Lines:






Music is written down in sections called bars or measures.

Each bar is several beats in length.

Each bar is separated from the next with a bar line.


The end of a piece is indicated by two lines, one thin

and one thick, which are close together.

This is called a double bar line.











As you probably already know, music is not a constant string of notes

played one after another. There are pauses and stops called rests.

These rests measure the all-important silence between notes.

Each rest has a fixed position on the stave regardless of the clef.





As you can see, a crotchet rest can be expressed by two different symbols.