Pitch:

 

 

 

 

Resources:

  The Stave

Pitch is a term used to express the height or depth of a sound.

Sounds can have a high or low pitch.

 

A siren would be high pitched. A motorcar would have a low pitch.

Symbols called notes are used to express pitch.

  Notes

Pitch

  Treble Clef    
  Bass Clef    
  Middle C    
  Ledger Lines      
    The Stave

 

 

 
   

The stave (below) provides musicians with a visual system for interpreting notes.

 

 

The stave is made up of five horizontal lines and four spaces.

 

 

 

Notes can appear on the stave lines or between the stave lines.

 

 

       
       
       
       
         
    Notes

 

 

 
   

A note provides two important pieces of information.

 

First, it indicates a pitch. Secondly, it gives information

as to the length of time a note must last.

 

The higher or lower a note appears on the stave,

the higher or lower it sounds.

 

The first seven letters of the alphabet are used

to identify notes: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G.

       
       
       
       
         
    Treble Clef:

 

 

 
   

Not all notes can fit on a single stave. Each stave has a symbol called a clef,

which determines the letter names of the lines and spaces. Below, is the symbol for the treble clef.

 

 

 

 

When playing a piano, the treble clef is played with the right hand. Use the acronyms below to help you remember the names of the notes on the treble clef.

 

 

 

       
       
       
       
         
    Bass Clef:

 

 

 
   

Below, is the symbol for the bass clef.

 

 

When playing a piano, the bass clef is played with the left hand.

Use the acronyms below to help you remember the names of the notes on the bass clef.

 

 

       
       
       
       
         
    Middle C:

 

 

 
   

On a piano keyboard, Middle C is the note located exactly between the bass and treble clef.

 

       
       
       
       
         
    Ledger Lines:

 

 

 
   

Sometimes to avoid changing clef, ledger lines are used.

These are extra lines parallel to the stave that can contain one note.

 

 

 

Middle C is located on a ledger line.